New York has always played an important role in our nation's history and development dating back to early exploration, colonial times and the struggle for independence. Nearly one-third of all battles during the Revolution were fought in New York State, including the victory at the Battle of Saratoga
. New York was at the forefront of the Underground Railroad movement, and its prime location and politics made it a destination of choice for many Africans fleeing slavery along the eastern seaboard. The Women's Rights Movement was born in New York State, in Seneca Falls
The 524-mile New York State Canal System was key to the growth of industry, commerce and transportation in New York State. An engineering marvel, the Erie Canal was called the "Eighth Wonder of the World" when it was built.
Visit One of the most scenically magnificent areas in the eastern U.S., Letchworth State Park, whose gorge is renowned as the "Grand Canyon of the East," as the Genesee River roars through it over three major waterfalls between cliffs as high as 600 feet surrounded by lush forests.
The site of two winter Olympics, the rebirth of American auto racing, and a legendary shrine to the national pastime (Cooperstown Baseball Hall of Fame), New York has been, and is, at the forefront of sports in America.
As the point of entry for millions of immigrants, New York has been at the center of the American immigrant experience. From the New York City skyline - often the first sight of the nation for new arrivals - to immigrant communities in western New York, there are many museums and historic sites to visit. Visitors can explore the dazzling array of New York's arts and cultural history attractions in communities across the state. Long before European settlers set foot on the land that would become New York, Indian nations had built thriving civilizations here. That culture remains vital today, with over 200,000 Native Americans living throughout the state.